Wood is taking over from steel and concrete as the architectural wonder material of the 21st century, building in wood is super fast, super accurate, and can also make the most amazingly beautiful spaces with sustainability and high quality. The product making wooden buildings possible is cross-laminated timber (CLT)– an engineered wood consisting of laminated timber sections.
CLT is produced by layering three, five or seven timber sections of wood at right angles, then gluing them together. It can be prefabricated in a factory to any shape or dimension and is much lighter than its steel and concrete counterparts. CLT is also fast and easy to install, generating almost no waste on construction sites.
Finished CLT panels are extremely stiff, strong, and stable, handling load transfer on all sides. And most importantly, CLT is storing CO2 while other construction materials are wasting it.
Here are ten of the most striking wooden buildings we choose below:
#1 HoHo Vienna
HoHo Vienna was designed by the architectural office RLP Rüdiger Lainer + Partner together with the structural engineers of the Woschitz Group. The company Handler was commissioned for the construction. Strabag team concept and its subsidiary Züblin Timber are also aboard and responsible for the innovative façade.
Image credit: RLP Rüdiger Lainer + PartnerArch
More info: https://smartcity.wien.gv.at/site/en/hoho-vienna/
#2 Murray Grove, Hackney, London
Murray Grove is the first urban housing project to be constructed entirely from pre-fabricated solid timber, from the load bearing walls and floor slabs to the stair and lift cores.
The nine-storey tower is built from a tight honeycomb of structural panels, with a timber core providing stability, and inset balconies with structural balustrades to strengthen the outer structural wall.
Image credit: waughthistleton.com
More info http://waughthistleton.com/murray-grove/
#3 Chicago Horizon
Instead of providing a luxury for the few, the Chicago Horizon maximizes its reach. It emphasizes a proliferation of space over form or detail. In lieu of flash, it provides relief for the city. The design for the kiosk became a quest to create the largest wood roof possible—to demarcate a zone of the city for all to enjoy.
The materials used in the pavilion are inexpensive: just some structural grade wood and chain-link fencing. Minimizing the cost of materials maximizes space for the public, and provides the Biennial with a dedicated event space in Millennium Park. The roof is made from Cross-Laminated Timber, a new structural wood material that sequesters carbon in its fibers. The roof alone more than offsets the emissions generated by all the other materials used in the project combined.
Photo by Naho Kubota
More info http://www.ultramoderne.net/?p=22
#4 Dalston Lane, Hackney, London
Dalston Lane is the world’s largest CLT building. The ten-storey, 121-unit development is made entirely of CLT, from the external, party and core walls, through to the floors and stairs, weighing a fifth of a concrete building of this size, and reducing the number of deliveries during construction by 80 percent.
Image credit - waughthistleton.com
More info http://waughthistleton.com/dalston-lane/
#5 Barentshus, Kirkenes, Norway
The project is still under development, however when built, at some 80m and 20 floors, it will be the tallest timber structured building in the world.
Designed with an environmental focus, the construction system comprises glulam (glue laminated wood) columns and beams with diagonal elements for stability. The floor elements will be cross laminated timber (CLT) and the building will be sheathed in a glass facade.
More info http://www.reiulframstadarchitects.com/barents-house/
#6 C.F Møller proposal, Stockholm, Sweden
C.F. Møller Architects are working in partnership with architects Dinell Johansson and consultants Tyréns on their entry. The team has chosen to build upwards, and has designed a 34-storey residential building, which will be seen for miles.
The building will be built over a wooden construction with a concrete core, and it is intended to give the people of Stockholm a new and characteristic beacon and meeting place in their city.
Image credit: cfmoller.com
More info http://www.cfmoller.com/r/Wooden-Skyscraper-i13265.html
#7 Forte Living, Melbourne, Australia
Forte Living is a 10 storey apartment building made from cross-laminated timber (CLT). Standing at 32.2m it is the world tallest modern timber apartment building and highest made from CLT. It is also the first Australian building to be made from CLT.
Image credit - Lendlease
More info http://www.lendlease.com/projects/forte
#8 Reinventer Paris proposal, Paris, France
As part of the city’s innovative Réinventer Paris competition, DVVD and REI France proposed an inventive urban project called Baobab that would feature the world’s tallest wood building at 35-storeys and would see Paris define the next era of city building.
The project’s innovations are multi-dimensional and extend beyond wood building materials and height. A new model of housing explores ways in which the next generation can live in small urban spaces without losing their sense of community. Combining an innovative mix of market and social housing, a student hotel, urban agriculture, a bus station, e-car hub and amenities, the Baobab project would foster the City’s vision for a connected, vibrant metropolis. Spanning the eight-lane Peripherique and reaching new heights in sustainable wood building, the proposal would transform the Pershing Site into a gateway to the city and a model for future projects around the world.
Image credit: mg-architecture.ca
More info http://mg-architecture.ca/work/reinventer-paris/
#9 Treet, Bergen, Norway
Treet, a 14-storey luxury apartment block in central Bergen, Norway, will be the world’s tallest timber-framed multi-family project at 49 meters (160 feet) breaking the current record holder – Melbourne’s Forté building – which stands at 32 meters tall. The building is called ‘Treet’ or ‘The Tree’ and is the brainchild of the Bergen and Omegn Building Society (BOB), which aims to be at the forefront of developing homes for the future, with a strong focus on energy consumption, sustainable development, and communal outdoor spaces.
Image credit: treetsameie.no
More info: http://treetsameie.no/
#10 Wood Innovation and Design Centre, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada
The Wood Innovation and Design Centre (WIDC) serves as a gathering place for researchers, academics, design professionals and others interested in generating ideas for innovative uses of wood. The University of Northern BC occupies the lower three floors of the building with facilities for the Master of Engineering in Integrated Wood Design. Upper floors provide office space for government and wood industry-related organizations, as well as the planned Emily Carr University of Art + Design Centre for Design Innovation and Entrepreneurship. The eight-storey building (6 storey with mezzanine plus penthouse), stands 29.5m tall — for the moment, the world’s tallest modern all-timber structure, a benchmark soon to be broken by other mass timber buildings in the works.
Image credit: mg-architecture.ca
More info: http://mg-architecture.ca/work/wood-innovation-design-center/
architectCLTCLT panelcross-laminated timberWoodWooden Building